Curing is the process of applying pressure to the tire in a mold in order to give it its final shape, and applying heat energy to stimulate the chemical reaction between the rubber and other materials. In this process the tire is automatically transferred onto the lower mold bead seat, a rubber bladder is inserted into the tire, and the mold closes while the bladder inflates. As the mold closes and is locked the bladder pressure increases so as to make the tire flow into the mold, taking on the tread pattern and sidewall lettering engraved into the mold. The bladder is filled with a recirculating heat transfer medium, such as steam, hot water, or inert gas. Temperatures are in the area of 350 degrees Fahrenheit with pressures around 350 PSI. Passenger tires cure in approximately 16 minutes. At the end of cure the pressure is bled down, the mold opened, and the tire stripped out of the mold. The tire may be placed on a PCI, or post-cure inflator, that will hold the tire fully inflated while it cools. There are two generic curing press types, mechanical and hydraulic. Mechanical presses hold the mold closed via toggle linkages, while hydraulic presses use hydraulic oil as the prime mover for machine motion, and lock the mold with a breech-lock mechanism. Hydraulic presses have emerged as the most cost-effective because the press structure does not have to withstand the mold-opening pressure and can therefore be relatively lightweight. There are two generic mold types, two-piece molds and segmental molds. Large off-road tires are often cured in ovens with cure times approaching 24 hours.
Compounds based on Cenway bromobutyl and chlorobutyl are ideal for curing bladder used in retreading tires due to the low modulus an compression set requirements. Heat and steam resistance and suitability for resin cures also make Cenway CB-01 perfect for curing bladder used for tire press-molds. In addition, the use of lower unsaturation butyl products can improve the flex fatigue properties and extend the curing ladder life.
|Application||Grade||Mooney ML(1+8) 125℃||Volatiles wt%|